Project acronym: Cap4App
Coordinator Organisation: Croatian Chamber of Economy (CCE)
Total budget: 530.537,00 €
Sub-programme or KA: ERASMUS + KA3 – Support for Policy Reform
Planned duration: 1 October 2016 - 30 September
The Cap4App project was conceived with a view not only to overcome the existing lack of involvement of chambers as representatives of SMEs but also to provide resources for future use, having in mind the needs of the SMEs, members of the CCE.
The project brought together a consortium of six partners from Croatia and Austria who worked together to enhance the capacity of partner institutions in the field of VET so they can assist SMEs and involve a growing number of SMEs in apprenticeship. That was accomplished by training partners’ staff and developing tools and supporting measures for SMEs and in-company mentors to make apprenticeship more accessible to SMEs, and to promote apprenticeship among SMEs.
Within this project, participating partners worked to facilitate implementation of apprenticeships for the training companies, provide education for in-company mentors with content that is aligned with their needs and enables their professional and personal development, and to enhance the capacities of participating partners.
This situation calls for measures to enhance the attractiveness and quality of VET in Croatia. Currently students gain limited practical experience during schooling, mainly through traineeship in schools where the real working conditions are simulated, and only in a small part through traineeship in companies or through apprenticeships in bound crafts. WBL in companies increases employers’ access to workers with relevant skills and knowledge and helps students transition to the world of work. Countries with strong dual vocational education and training systems where learning and practice occur in the company have the lowest youth unemployment rates (OECD 2010). VET programmes must respond to society’s structural changes especially high unemployment rates among young people. It is necessary to adapt the education system, so that students can gain quality work experience during education, and not to be additionally trained through expensive measures, which only keep them from the negative statistics.
For work-based learning (WBL) to become a common practice in Croatia the effort has to be twofold. On the one hand it is crucial to engage companies, through familiarizing them with benefits such as avoiding skills mismatch when recruiting new talent, possibility to choose the best talents for future employment and benefits from their productive capacity. On the other, it is necessary to attract young people to vocational training. Unfortunately, the students and parents perception of VET is mostly negative. Vocational occupations are not considered prospective and are usually students’ last choice or are more likely option for students of lower academic achievement. For students, work-based learning experiences provides exposure to professional and organisation setting, helps them to focus their interests and choose suitable career path.
We need a core and tailored approach in designing national policies that strengthen the links between education and training and practices in the workplace, and that are tailored to local needs. Employers demand for talent is an important context for curriculum development and educational reform. EU strategies have recognized the importance of learning in the workplace and lifelong learning in all levels of education, as acquiring, maintaining, and upgrading skills is an essential characteristic for all employees.
A way to establish system of quality is through partnership of all stakeholders that have a role development of VET policy including the ministries, agencies, chambers, schools, enterprises, local communities, parents and employment service. In Croatia there is no thorough statistics/register of apprenticeship as it is divided between ministry and Chamber of Trades and Crafts, counties, etc. Clearer regulations and guidelines have to be created in the implementation of WBL as well as strategy to encourage enterprises to get involved in VET through ensuring incentives for enterprises, establishing better programs for training of in-company mentors that are suitable to their capacities, licensing of mentors, accreditation of companies involved in WBL and creating the register of companies and mentors. In addition, it is important to ensure quality standards in companies involved in WBL and to make sure that apprentices do not compete with employed workers and are not exploited as a cheap labour supply.
Employers are looking for qualified workers, but at the same time they face multiple challenges in an increasingly competitive and unstable economy. A lot of companies have downsized over the past two decades and it is costly and risky to train new employees who have no previous work experience.
Croatian VET programs have not had significant changes over the past two decades, they do not reflect the development of technologies and trends in the profession and are not compatible with the labour market needs. Companies, mostly SMEs, are not actively engaged in providing work-based learning due to the lack of human and financial resources, low appreciation or other reasons. While ongoing educational reform is emphasizing wider implementation of work-based and entrepreneurial learning, there is no unique institution in Croatia which could act as a one-stop point for SMEs interested in apprenticeship. SME’s need assistance in legal, administrative and logistical issues regarding WBL.
We need employers to have more opportunities to collaborate with other VET institutions and participate in shaping vocational programmes that reflect the up-to-date needs of occupations and workplaces as a way to enhance conditions and quality of work-based learning. It is necessary to establish platform for the selection of apprentices among training companies and for the applicants to find apprenticeship posts in SME's, which calls for deeper involvement of chambers in planning and implementation of VET and also making legal and regulatory changes to enable them to enhance their capacities.
This project contributes to raising VET mentors capacities as well as ensuring support for their work and professional development, ultimately enhancing VET attractiveness and relevance. CCE, following the example of Austrian and German chambers, should have greater role in securing the conditions of implementation of WBL in companies and in identification of the labor market needs.
Croatian Chamber of Economy (CCE)
The project enabled improving of competences of partners’ institutions employees, developing new resources and operational capabilities of CCE to help SMEs get involved in work-based learning in the companies at the level of secondary vocational education.
The project partners created administrative requirements, procedures and education program for the acquisition of the necessary qualifications and certificates for mentors. Through promotional activities the project raised awareness on the benefits and importance of such a model of learning among SMEs, but also among the general public. The project activities had impact on the SMEs, public authorities, vocational schools, students and their parents.
- Research of the status of different types of work-based learning in companies, and published analysis on state-of-play of different types of WBL in enterprises: available here
- The Conference Forms of work-based learning for vocational education and training of students in Republic of Croatia – state of play, challenges and perspectives
- Development of cooperation and exchange of information among partners and study visit to Austria - part I and part II
- Translation of relevant legal documents and manuals in the area of vocational education and training
- Implementation of the "training of trainers": education and training of Advisors to work with enterprises and schools
- Trained Apprenticeship Advisors
- Toolbox for Apprenticeship Advisors
- Developed set of criteria for the selection of companies interested in implementation of WBL
- Programme for SME Mentors
- Guidebook for in-company mentors
- Implementation of training for mentors (implementation of pilot project) - announcement
- Conference for SME Mentors
- Database of licensed SMEs and mentors
- Conducted promotional activities on project activities and results to target groups; improved visibility of VET
- Cap4App Final Conference
Cap4App in media
Školske novine (br. 33. / 30.10.2018.) Novi programi za mentore u poduzećima
Studentski Lider klub: Dualno obrazovanje, Tvrtkama treba pomoći da postanu mjesto učenja
Nacional.hr: CAP4APP Održana završna konferencija projekta Erasmus+
HIA.com.hr: Austrija kao uzor u strukovnom obrazovanju
ZG-magazin.com.hr: Austrija kao uzor u strukovnom obrazovanju
Hgk.hr: Austrija kao uzor u strukovnom obrazovanju
Dobro jutro, Hrvatska: Strukovno obrazovanje: Hoće li nam imati tko skratiti hlače?
Jutarnji.hr: HGK spremna preuzeti glavnu ulogu u strukovnom obrazovanju
Vecernji.hr: HGK spremna preuzeti glavnu ulogu u strukovnom obrazovanju
Index.hr: HGK spremna preuzeti glavnu ulogu u strukovnom obrazovanju
24sata.hr: HGK spremna za glavnu ulogu u strukovnom obrazovanju
Tportal.hr: HGK spremna preuzeti glavnu ulogu u strukovnom obrazovanju
Koža i obuća 67 (2018). Održano 11. znanstveno-stručno savjetovanje Tekstilna znanost i gospodarstvo (TZG 2018)
Refernet.hr: Dualno obrazovanje u fokusu
CEDEFOP: Croatia: vocational education and training in focus
Školske novine (br. 18. / 15.05.2018.) Hrvatska gospodarska komora osposobila 36 mentora u gospodarstvu
Poslovni.hr: Dok država sama kroji obrazovnu politiku, poslodavci neće pronaći kvalificirane radnike
ibw newsletter 01/2018: Cap4App. Stärkung der Kapazitäten der Kammern und Partner in Kroatien
Suvremena.hr: Hrvatska gospodarska komora osposobila 36 mentora u gospodarstvu
24sata.hr: Hrvatska gospodarska komora osposobila 36 mentora
Index.hr: Hrvatska gospodarska komora osposobila 36 mentora u gospodarstvu
Večernji.hr: Hrvatska gospodarska komora osposobila 36 mentora u gospodarstvu
Jutarnji.hr: Hrvatska gospodarska komora osposobila 36 mentora u gospodarstvu
Tportal.hr: Hrvatska gospodarska komora osposobila 36 mentora u gospodarstvu
Školske novine (br. 9. / 13.03.2018.) Moramo obrazovati kadrove potrebne našemu gospodarstvu
Večernji list (18.02.2018.) Dossier strukovno obrazovanje
Suvremena trgovina (br. 6. 2017.) Od poslodavaca se očekuje zapošljavanje mladih, a nitko ne vodi računa kakve radnike trebaju,
Školske novine (br. 39 / 12.12.2017.) Mora se vratiti povjerenje između poslodavaca i škola
Slobodna Dalmacija (05.12.2017.) Tri tjedna na stručnoj praksi, tri u školi
Vecernji.hr: Za strukovne škole 85 milijuna eura, a mi nismo povukli ni cent
Vecernji.hr:'Svako dijete danas zna za akciju 'Kupujmo hrvatsko''
Hgk.hr: Burilović: Glas gospodarstva u kurikuralnoj reformi ne smije se ignorirati
Seecel.hr: Cap4App studijsko putovanje
Seeecel.hr: Cap4App Training of Coaches in Austria
Večerni list: Jesu li tvrtke spremne za dualno obrazovanje?
Večernji list: Dualno obrazovanje podržava 80 posto tvrtki
Jutarnji list: Dualno obrazovanje podržava 80 posto tvrtki
Index.hr Dualno obrazovanje podržava 80 posto tvrtki
Privredni vjesnik br.3973 Dualno obrazovanje podupire 80 posto tvrtki
Seecel.hr: Dual Education supported by 80% of companies
Seecel.hr: Dualno obrazovanje podržava 80 posto tvrtki
Hgk.hr: Dualno obrazovanje podržava 80 posto tvrtki
Seecel.hr: Conference Announcement
Seecel.hr: Konferencija o dualnom obrazovanju
Hgk.hr: Međunarodne konferencija: Oblici učenja na radnome mjestu za učenike srednjega strukovnog obrazovanja u RH – analiza stanja, izazovi i preporuke
Glasgacke.hr: Dualno obrazovanje za obrtnička i druga proizvodna zanimanja
Srednja strukovna škola Antuna Horvata Đakovo: Naša škola uključena u istraživanje u sklopu Erasmus+ Cap4App projekta
Srednja strukovna škola Antuna Horvata Đakovo: Rezultati istraživanja „Jačanje kapaciteta komore i partnera za pomoć malim i srednjim poduzećima za uključivanje u naukovanje”
Ivanec.hr: Poziv malim i srednjim poduzećima: Ispunite anketu HGK
Privredni vjesnik br. 3972 Puno nezaposlenih, a radnika nema
Gospodarski info ŽK Otočac
Dubrovački vjesnik: Županijsko Gospodarsko vijeće: Nedostatak radne snage je kritičan
Obrtnički list br. 219/220: Obrtnička komora Zagreb Partner u europskom projektu Cap4App
Hgk.hr: Erasmus+ projekt Cap4App